Implementation and Impacts of CER Directive and NIS2 Directive

Dr Vittorio Rosato Research Associate /Faculty of Engineering, University Campus Biomedico, Roma, Italy

The CER and NIS2 Directives come into force in October 2024, where failing compliance could bring hefty fines, operational restrictions, or even shutdowns for critical infrastructure owner/operators. Non-compliance exposes vulnerabilities to cyberattacks and disruptions. What are the implications on the operator/owners and agencies and what impacts could there potentially be on public safety and economic stability? How has implementation gone to date and what more needs to be done?