Eva Stock
Research Consultant
German Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK)
Division II.4 – Risk Management CI and CIP Concepts

Eva Stock is Research Consultant at the German Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance in the area of risk management of critical infrastructures. As part of the German government-funded research project “CIRMin: Critical Infrastructures – Resilience as a Minimum Supply Concept”, she is involved in further developing the concept of “Integrated Risk Management” (IRM). IRM aims at connecting the risk management of critical infrastructure operators with the risk management of emergency management organisations in order to form the basis for an effective emergency planning in civil protection. Eva previously worked in the field of international development cooperation, dealing with risk and crisis management in Mongolia. She holds an MSc in International Development from Edinburgh University and a BA degree in European Studies from Maastricht University and the Grenoble Institute for Political Studies.

Presentation: Critical Infrastructure Protection: Integrated Risk Management as an Approach for Enhanced Emergency Planning in Germany

The risk management of critical infrastructure operators (CIO) and emergency management organisations (EMO) should go hand in hand to establish a comprehensive emergency planning for civil protection. EMO and CIO implement instruments of risk and crisis management, however with a different perspective: EMO focus on protecting the population, whereas CIO concentrate on protecting staff and maintaining their operational processes. For an effective emergency planning, it is necessary to integrate the risk management processes of EMO and CIO. In practice however the risk management of both actors is not sufficiently connected and cooperation is rather considered as challenge than as opportunity.

To address this gap, the German Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK) developed the approach of an Integrated Risk Management (IRM), which combines the two perspectives of EMO and CIO in the process of risk management implementation. In the frame of the BMBF funded research project CIRMin, BBK aims to find out what kind of information should be exchanged between CIO and EMO and how to facilitate communication as this is the key for a smooth and successful implementation of risk management. By means of a vulnerability analysis CIO determine e.g. the impact of critical infrastructure failure on the population and thus generate valuable information for EMO: How many people are affected, for how long and in which areas of a city? Consequently, this presentation demonstrates how to increase the effectiveness of measures in IRM and benefit from synergy effects in the course of emergency planning.