Simona Cavallini
Head of Research and Innovation Area
FORMIT Foundation


Since 2010 she is Head of Research and Innovation area at Fondazione FORMIT.
She manages national and international research projects for different organizations including Italian ministries, DGs of the European Commission, United Nations Institutes and international agencies. She plays the role of scientific coordinator in studies in several domains including technological development and applications, critical infrastructure protection, crisis management, security cooperation, best practice transfer on risk management, research and innovation policies.
In addition, she has been involved in technology transfer activities and in CBRN security training definition.
Her research interests range from economics of innovation (with focus on private and public strategies for research, on systems for financing innovation and on technology transfer models) to economics of security (with interest in sectoral interpendencies analysis, in critical infrastructure failures, in security investments and incentives, in socio-economic impact assessment). In these two fields, she has also publications on national and international journals.
Her professional experience in management of International research projects gives her the opportunity to become in 2011 Member of the Board of the University of the International Studies of Rome (UNINT).
She is member of different institutional working groups in fields related to information sharing for security and resilience, critical infrastructures protection, cyber-security.
Prior to join FORMIT she gained experiences in the research field through the Master in Economics of CORIPE Piemonte, the attendance of courses of the first 2 years of the PhD in Economics of the Department of Public Economics of the University of Rome “La Sapienza” and several course in applied economics.

Benchmarking transport security levels in Europe

According to Directive 2008/114/EC a “critical infrastructure means an asset, system or part thereof located in Member States which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions, health, safety, security, economic or social well-being of people, and the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact in a Member State as a result of the failure to maintain those functions” while a European Critical Infrastructure is one located within a Member State, the disruption or destruction of which would have a significant impact on at least two Member States. Many means of transport and facilities operate across the borders of Member States posing additional challenges to transport security. The paper will present results of a benchmarking exercise aimed at assessing security awareness, preparedness and maturity levels among transport operators belonging to the five sub-sectors listed in Council Directive 2008/114/EC on the identification and designation of European Critical Infrastructures and the assessment of the need to improve their protection. The benchmarking exercise was conducted through an online survey distributed to 500 EU28 transport operators and on qualitative interviews. Its results will present a cross-sector overview of the current status of security levels among European transport operators, allowing to highlight gaps, similarities and security needs of each sub-sector and to attempt an answer to the following questions: How does the concept of security vary among transport operators? And does their belonging to a specific transport sub-sector matter?