Norman Bird
Senior Technical Lead – Nuclear Security
National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL)

Norman Bird pic120

Norman Bird is Senior Technical Lead – Nuclear Security, Assurance and GIS in the Nuclear Security, Safeguards and Non-Proliferation capability of the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL). He has is a qualified Civil Engineer with over 33 years nuclear / major projects experience in design / development / construction / protection of major nuclear and other projects / infrastructure (including the Thames Barrier, Sellafield Site Infrastructure Development, early Geological Disposal Facility (GDF) conceptual work, Nuclear site closure / site restoration etc.). Prior to joining NNL he was the Group Assurance Manager – Security, Safeguards and International Affairs (Non-Proliferation) for BNFL. He created and led BNFL’s Corporate performance, assurance, oversight and risk arrangements for this specialised area through the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and 7/7 and supporting the subsequent security enhancements at BNFL sites (including security culture / human reliability programs) and the full revision and realignment of all Operational Site Security and Transport Security Plans with UK nuclear security regulations. Working very closely with various UK Government agencies (including ONR), site nuclear operators and transporters. As a major strength he is also MSc qualified in Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and has previously been a CAD Manager and has a full understanding of the complexity of major building and infrastructure assets and their design / management / protection. More recently he has been leading on a pioneering approach being undertaken by the NNL investigating new techniques for site / facility security vulnerability assessment using CAD, GIS, Satellite / Aerial Imagery and some quite unique 3D ‘modelling and simulation’ techniques. Norman has previously worked for Tarmac (Major Projects), UKAEA, BNFL and British Nuclear Group.

Manuscript will be co-authored between the following:

Norman Bird – MSc, FRGS, C.Geog. (GIS), I.Eng, MICE
Senior Technical Lead – Nuclear Security, UK National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL).
RAEng. Visiting Teaching Fellow (Sponsored by the Royal Academy of Engineering) – University of Central Lancashire (UCLan) – Preston. United Kingdom (UK).

Professor Laurence G Williams – FREng,
Former HM Chief Inspector of Nuclear Installations
Professor of Nuclear Safety, Security and Regulation
University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), Preston, UK.
(NNL Senior Visiting Fellow)

Dr Colette Grundy – BSc Hons, MSc, CChem, FRSC
Principal Scientist – Safety Management Team UK National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL).


Presentation: Potential for utilisation of a new computer-based quantitative modelling and simulation approach for assessing nuclear security performance

Current UK nuclear security regulations require nuclear site/tenanted site Duty Holders or Operators to undertake a security vulnerability assessment of their critical infrastructure / assets. Similar traditional processes have applied for assessing critical national infrastructure (CNI) to date.

Recently, particularly in the USA, new techniques to achieve compliance have been evolving towards an ‘evidence’ or ‘outcome-based’ understanding of nuclear security measures and challenging their inherent robustness under attack conditions by utilising 3D computer modelling and simulation techniques to design, review and optimise the Physical Protection System (PPS) and help to improve situational human awareness and overall operational performance.

This presentation summarises a recent NNL pilot study to assess the potential for utilisation of a new computer-based quantitative modelling and simulation approach for assessing nuclear security performance and its application to a complex UK nuclear facility. The pilot study clearly demonstrated the benefits of adopting a more co-ordinated approach and a more effective analysis of security threats. The study also illustrated how owners / regulators could use the approach to more readily assess an Operator’s performance, consistency in approach and their consistent and successful mitigation of the threat.

This new modelling and simulation approach could equally be applied to CNI resilience in addition to nuclear-related infrastructure, as a similar postulated threat exists and vulnerability assessment is also required. The approach also allows cost benefit analysis versus security effectiveness to be examined to evaluate which are actually the most cost effective security measures for adoption? A question often requested during financial due diligence for new or existing infrastructure requiring further protection.