Marta Simoncini
University of Antwerp


Marta Simoncini is FWO Post-doctoral Law Fellow at the University of Antwerp, Belgium.
She holds a Ph.D. in Administrative Law from the University of Pisa and she was Max Weber Law Fellow 2011-2012 at the European University Institute (EUI). She graduated summa cum laude in Political Sciences (majoring in Law) from the University of Pisa and she also obtained a University diploma summa cum laude from Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies in Pisa. Her background includes a research term at King’s College London (Centre of European Law) and an internship at the Italian Data Protection Authority. Recently she has also been research assistant at the EUI and at the Italian National School of Government. She has also been teaching assistant for the chair of Administrative Law and Adjunct Professor in Comparative Administrative Law in the Faculty of Political Sciences at the University of Pisa.

Presentation: Beyond compliance: a case study about the Romanian approach to the implementation of the Directive 114/08/EC on European CIs

Directive 114/08 on the identification and designation of European Critical Infrastructures (ECI) and the assessment of the need to improve their protection provides a common approach for assessing those infrastructures which destruction or disruption would have a significant impact not only on the hosting Member State but also on one or more neighbouring ones. This new branch of the EU framework require Member States and its Infrastructures’ Operators to put in place new efforts in order to fulfill the goals of the Directive and, above all, the need to collaborate in order to identify and designate the ECIs and the need to draft a so-called “Operator Security Plan” for the designated infrastructures.
All the Member States have implemented this Directive, but the overall assessment gives back a very patchy snapshot: success stories and strong commitment shown by very proactive Member States contrast with examples of pure formal compliance.
The diversification of national implementation is in line with the principle of institutional autonomy; however, this substantive fragmentation in the legislation of the different Member States does not help the achievement of the goals set in the directive itself.
This paper aims at addressing the main issues of such a fragmented implementation of the Directive 114/08/EC and assessing its critical hurdles. The paper therefore searches for the reference models (previous European legislations, best practices and standards) that could be used for efficiently drafting those OSPs; and then, it studies which lessons can be learned from those Member States which deal with the protection of vital infrastructures in very effective and efficient instruments.
When discussing these issues, the paper focuses on the Romanian experience as a case study of strong commitment to the European policies. In Romania, in fact, when transposing the Directive into national law (ORDONANTA DE URGENTA 98/2010), the government has taken the opportunity to amend the National framework about CIP (extending it to 10 sectors). This choice extends the same identical model for the identification, designation and protection of both National and European CIs and implies that all the designated National Critical Infrastructures shall draft Operator Security Plans.